7 - Ground Fighting

CHAPTER 7

GROUND FIGHTING

This chapter describes all techniques for a right-handed person. However, all techniques can be executed from either side.

In drawings, the Marine is depicted in woodland camouflage utilities; the opponent is depicted without camouflage. In photographs, the Marine is depicted in woodland camouflage utilities; the opponent is depicted in desert camouflage utilities.

Marines should avoid being on the ground during in a position to control the situation. To execute

a close combat situation because the battlefield the guard position technique, Marines—

may be covered with debris and there is an increased risk of injury. However, many close combat situations involve fighting on the ground. The priority in a ground fight is for Marines to get back on their feet as quickly as possible. In any ground fighting scenario, Marines will usually end up in one of four positions with the opponent. The offensive positions, in which Marines have a tactical advantage, are the guard and mount. The defensive positions, which are used as counters when the opponent has the tactical advantage, are the counter to the guard and the counter to the Trap the opponent’s hands on the chest by cross- mount. Marines can also employ chokes during ing the hands on the chest so the forearms are ground fighting to quickly end a fight. resting on the opponent’s forearms. Apply pressure with the elbows or forearms.

1. Offensive Ground Fighting

Guard Position

Marines execute a guard position when the opponent is on top and the legs are wrapped around the opponent’s legs. If the opponent is on top, he may try to choke the Marine, but the Marine still has the tactical advantage because the Marine is Strike the outside of the opponent’s thigh with the Pull the opponent’s arm straight up and fall back cutting edge of the right heel. This causes the op-sharply, pulling his arm to the side in the direction ponent to jerk to that side. of his little finger.


Move the head quickly to the left and swivel the hips to the right. At the same time, bring up both of the legs. Both legs are on the right side of the opponent’s body.

Bring the right leg down, hooking the opponent’s neck and head. Exert downward pressure to roll him over on his back. Grasp and maintain control of the opponent’s left arm. Upon completion of the move, the Marine is sitting up with legs bent over the opponent while maintaining control of his arm.



Keep legs and knees bent. Maintain pressure against the opponent’s neck with the back of the right foot and against his side with the left foot underneath his armpit. Squeeze the knees together, locking the opponent’s arm.


Return to standing.

Mount Position

Marines execute the mount if the opponent is lying on his back on the ground and the Marine is on top with legs wrapped around the opponent’s body. This position is an offensive position because Marines are in a better position to control the opponent and to execute ground fighting techniques. To execute the mount position technique, Marines— Maintain control of the opponent’s arms with the Pull the opponent’s arm straight up and fall back left arm and apply pressure to the opponent’s bra-sharply, pulling his arm to the side in the direction chial plexus (tie in) with the right hand. of his little finger.


Bring the left foot close to the opponent’s right armpit and swing the right leg across the opponent’s head.

Keep the legs and knees bent. Maintain pressure against the opponent’s neck with the back of the right foot and against his side with the left foot which is underneath his armpit. Squeeze the knees together, locking the opponent’s arm.


Return to standing.

2. Defensive Ground Fighting

Counter to the Guard

Marines use this technique if the opponent is lying on his back on the ground and the Marine is kneeling on the ground between the opponent’s legs. To execute the counter to the guard position, Marines—

Strike the opponent’s femoral nerve, located on the inside of the thigh, with the elbows. This forces the opponent to separate his legs.


Strike the opponent’s groin with the right fist. Grab the opponent’s gear or clothing on his upper torso and pull him down close.


Hook the left arm underneath the opponent’s right knee from the inside. Throw the opponent’s leg over the head.


Duck the head quickly and move to the left.

Return to standing.

Counter to the Mount

Marines use this technique when they are lying on their back on the ground, the opponent is mounted on top of the Marine, and the opponent’s legs are wrapped around the Marine. The opponent has the tactical advantage. To execute the counter to the mount position, Marines— Use the right arm to hook the opponent’s left arm, from the inside around the outside, above his elbow. With the right foot, hook the opponent’s left leg or ankle.

Draw the elbow in to bend the opponent’s elbow, bringing him down close. The arm must be hooked above the opponent’s elbow in order to bend it.


Push the opponent over and roll him off to the right side.


Maintain control of the opponent’s hooked arm and move to a kneeling position.


Move to a standing position while maintaining pressure on the opponent’s arm and using the knee to apply pressure against the opponent’s elbow.


3. Ground Fighting Chokes

WARNING
During training, never execute a choke at full force or full speed. Never hold a choke for more than 5 seconds.

The priority in ground fighting is for Marines to get back on their feet as quickly as possible. Sometimes, Marines can quickly end a ground fight by executing a choke on the opponent. When performed correctly, a choke can render an opponent unconscious in as little as 8 to 13 seconds. Chokes are easily performed regardless of size or gender. The chokes performed during ground fighting are the same as those performed while standing (see chap. 6).

Ground Fighting Front Choke

The ground fighting front choke is a blood choke performed most effectively from the mount position. The front choke employs the opponent’s lapels or collar to execute the choke. To execute the ground fighting front choke, Marines—


Grab the opponent’s right lapel with the right hand, making certain that the knuckles or the back of the hand are against the carotid artery on the right side of the opponent’s neck.

Keep the right hand pressed against the oppo-Use the left hand to parry the opponent’s right nent’s carotid artery, reach under the right arm arm inboard (to the inside of the opponent’s with the left hand, and grab the opponent’s left la-reach). Bring the right arm underneath the oppopel, forming an X with the wrists. nent’s arm and up around the front of his neck.


Keep the right hand pressed against the opponent’s carotid artery and pull the opponent’s left lapel to the left with the left hand.


Ground Fighting Side Choke

The ground fighting side choke is a blood choke performed from the mount position. The ground fighting side choke is particularly effective when the opponent raises his arms and places them on the Marine’s chest or throat. To execute the ground fighting side choke, Marines—


Pull the opponent toward the chest. Use the fore-Use the right arm to reach over the opponent’s arm to exert pressure on the side of his neck. This right shoulder and hook the bend of the arm is done by pulling the clasped hands toward the around his neck. chest.


Ground Fighting Rear Choke

The ground fighting rear choke is a blood choke performed when Marines are behind the opponent. To execute the ground fighting rear choke, Marines—

Wrap the legs around the opponent with the left foot against the inside of his left thigh and the right foot against the inside of his right thigh.


Use the left hand to clasp both hands together.


Exert pressure with the biceps and forearms on both sides of the opponent’s neck. This applies pressure to the opponent’s carotid arteries. While maintaining pressure with the biceps and forearms, draw the opponent closer by drawing the right arm in. To increase the effectiveness of the

choke, lean backward by arching the back and Use the left hand to push the opponent’s head for- pulling the opponent back. At the same time, ward and down. push the feet against the opponent’s thighs.


Figure-Four Choke

A variation of the ground fighting rear choke is the figure-four choke. The figure-four choke allows Marines to gain more leverage on the rear choke. If the rear choke cannot be secured, the figure-four variation may be applied to increase the pressure of the choke on the opponent. To execute the figure-four variation of the rear choke, Marines—

Apply the ground fighting rear choke. The chest should be against the opponent’s back.

Grasp the left biceps with the right hand and place the left hand against the back of the opponent’s head.


Draw the right arm in while maintaining pressure with the biceps and forearm on both sides of the opponent’s neck.


Increase the effectiveness of the choke by arching backward and pushing the feet against the opponent’s thighs. Continue to pull the opponent back with the right arm while exerting pressure forward with the left hand against the opponent’s head.